What’s In

Your government is preparing a ‘nationally determined contribution’ (NDC) to address climate change. Preparing an NDC is required of all signatory countries (‘Parties’) to the Paris Agreement on climate.

Maybe there has already been a public discussion about the NDC. Maybe your country already has a national climate plan, and a climate adaptation strategy. Maybe a first draft of the NDC has already been prepared.

A high-quality NDC will include inputs from indigenous peoples, local communities, and civil society groups. More public involvement will lead to greater scope (more actions), and greater ‘ambition’ (willingness to act). For this reason, it’s important that people’s organizations get involved in developing and reviewing your NDC.

Here are a few ideas for getting involved in developing the NDC; for considering different climate actions; and for understanding climate finance (how the proposed climate actions might be paid for).

We include a ‘checklist’ of questions that should be answered at this stage. Each are ‘Yes/No’ questions – although, each question could lead to a good dialogue with your government partners.

Continue To What’s In Pages

Public Participation

Countries signing the Paris Agreement agree to a transparent and inclusive process for developing the NDC climate action.  Indigenous peoples, civil society organizations, farmers, forest user groups, and others should get involved to ensure attention to land-use issues.

Land Sector Climate Action?

What’s in the NDC for forests, agriculture, and coastal protection?  What role for local communities?  What mitigation and adaptation programs are proposed?


Many countries will define their NDC forest actions in terms of REDD+.   REDD+ is an ‘avoided deforestation’ program involving tropical forest countries.

Basic Rights

Women’s rights, rights to land, cultural rights, right to food, and the right of participation – all these are necessary to ensure that climate ambition is matched with social justice.


Adapting to climate change will be most important in the land sector, so NDCs should address this challenge.   Will farmers have the tools they need to respond to climate change, while meeting national food needs? 

Climate Finance

Does the government plan (if any) to use MARKET MECHANISMS to reach greater ambition in the NDC?